Every classroom teacher has them: those students who are brimming with potential, but whose classroom behavior threatens to derail their success – and take the rest of the class along for the ride!
Educators consistently ask for more professional development in this area. SIIA’s recent Vision K-20 Professional Learning survey asked educators about their professional learning practices and experience, and for PreK-12 educators, classroom management and behavior ranked at the top of the list (34%) as the most common online professional learning topic they select.
Managing challenging behaviors can be one of the most difficult parts of teaching, but fortunately, effective classroom management is a skill everyone can learn. The set of techniques including Applied Behavior Analysis, Functional Behavior Assessments (FBAs) and Positive Behavior Intervention Plans (PBIPs) can make a real difference in managing challenging behavior. Once educators understand why students are exhibiting challenging or disruptive behaviors, they can develop and implement interventions to help change the student’s behavior.
Functional Behavior Assessments can help uncover why a student engages in challenging behavior.
Challenging behavior occurs because it serves a function, such as positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, or sensory stimulation and regulation.
After the function of the behavior is identified, a positive behavior intervention plan (PBIP) can be put into place to:
Prevent and remediate challenging behavior.
Increase appropriate behavior the student can do instead.
Most PBIPs include:
Positive consequences that follow appropriate behavior.
Strategies for responding to challenging behavior.
Procedures for progress monitoring and review.
Three critical components of the positive behavior supports framework, include:
Expectations, Procedures, and Routines – This component includes creating expectations, procedures, and routines that are positively worded and clearly communicated. It also involves directly teaching your students what they need to do in order to be effective and efficient learners.
Environmental Design – Strategic environmental, or classroom, design refers to the way you set up your learning environment to make learning attainable for everyone. Three factors that help create a positive classroom climate include: a functional room organization, a well-planned schedule, and visual supports such as schedules and checklists.
Instructional Design – This focuses on crafting instruction that’s engaging and appropriate for each individual student. Three important instructional design strategies include: differentiated instruction, active student engagement, and scaffolded instruction.