March is Developmental Disabilities Awareness Month. The National Association of Councils on Developmental Disabilities partners with the Association for University Centers on Disabilities and National Disability Rights Network to raise awareness and highlight the many ways in which people with and without disabilities come together to form strong, diverse communities. About 1 in 6 children have some type of developmental disability and Autism Spectrum Disorder is the fastest growing serious developmental disability in the U.S. It’s become a part of the educational landscape and shapes how we help students with disabilities in our schools. So how do we help our students with ASD?
The National Autism Center reviewed the effectiveness of a vast range of popular treatments and they identified only a few treatment categories with sound research showing these treatments achieved favorable outcomes. These treatments are based on procedures from Applied Behavior Analysis. By and large, these treatments are instructional interventions that can be implemented in classrooms and homes.
|Effective interventions using applied behavior analysis may treat each of these three components:
A. Interventions may target antecedents – what happens before the behavior occurs, or what triggers it. Examples are Visual Supports, Video Priming and Modeling, and Social StoriesTM.
B. Interventions may target how the student’s response is made or the quality of a behavior. Examples are Behavioral Momentum, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, The Picture Exchange Communication System, and Joint Action Routines.
C. Interventions may focus on the consequences for behavior – what happens to the student after displaying the behavior. Examples include Adjusting Contingent Consequences, Functional Behavior Analysis, and Self-Management.
|ASD ranges widely in severity and crosses multiple disciplines. In general, the earlier that intervention can begin for a child following an initial diagnosis of ASD and the more time focused on intensive educational and behavior intervention, the better the treatment outcomes.
For more on ASD and interventions, explore the Autism Spectrum courses in your course library or request a demo! Exceptional Child can help prepare your educators to meet the needs of your diverse learners.