No matter what your job is at your school, you can have a positive influence on your students. Although rules should be consistently enforced with all students, reminders, prompts, and encouragement need to be provided more frequently to students with ADHD. You have the role of educator, coach, and cheerleader all rolled into one.
Always communicate that you believe that students with ADHD can be successful (even when they don’t believe you!). Model and coach how to cope with mistakes – acknowledge students’ errors, but then help them come up with a plan to resolve the problem.
The goal with any interventions for adolescents with ADHD is to facilitate independence and self-reliance. As you do this, be sure to include students in the design and implementation of the intervention and place some responsibility for decision-making on the adolescent. When they do not take responsibility, they lose opportunities for input. Lastly, maintain a high degree of monitoring.
Some examples of student involvement include allowing the student to decide the rewards and consequences for behavior plans, helping design the organization template for interventions targeting organization of materials, and choosing among options for obtaining assistance.
Hold students accountable for their input and response to the interventions. This includes reviewing progress at regular intervals, making changes when there is a lack of improvement, and involving students in problem-solving discussions so they understand the connection between their behavior and interventions. Don't accept recommendations from students that allow them to avoid age-appropriate expectations such as completing homework at school with help instead of learning to take responsibility for work and completing it on their own outside of school. If they don't accept the invitation to be involved in decision-making, proceed without them. Do not let their indecision or refusal to participate slow the intervention process.
Some individual interventions that are effective for students with ADHD include self management techniques, Daily Report Cards, and organization interventions. Here's a sample of an organization intervention:
These tips are from the Vector Training, Special Education course ADHD: Secondary Interventions. Find this and other ADHD courses in the ADHD course category or request a demo below to preview all of our 75+ courses on key special education topics.